Tutti gli articoli di Emiliano Merlin


A-PHOT: a new, versatile code for precision aperture photometry


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A-PHOT is a code designed to perform aperture photometry on astronomical images, particularly well suited for multi-band extra-galactic surveys.

A-PHOT estimates the fluxes emitted by astronomical objects within any chosen set of circular or elliptical apertures. Unlike other widely used codes, it runs on pre-defined lists of positions, allowing for repeated measurements on the same list of objects on different images. This can be useful when forced photometric measurements on a given position are needed.

A-PHOT can estimate morphological parameters (size, ellipticity, position angle and Kron radius of the sources). It can also compute a local background flux, and on-the-fly individual optimized elliptical apertures, in which the signal-to-noise ratio is maximized. Clipping, flagging and symmetric replacing of bad pixels are optionally possible.

A-PHOT proves to a useful and versatile tool to quickly extract robust and accurate photometric measurements and basic morphological information of galaxies and stars, with the advantage of allowing for various measurements of fluxes at any chosen position without the need of a full detection run, and to determine the basic morphological features of the sources.

The code is presented in Merlin et al. 2019, 2019A&A…622A.169M. Please cite this paper if you use A-PHOT for your science!

Please contact emiliano.merlin@inaf.it for any question / problem / bug / suggestion. Thanks!


T-PHOT: a code for (multi-wavelength, prior-based) template-fitting photometry


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Deep multiwavelength extragalactic surveys require advanced and fast methods for photometric analysis. Software to process of the same regions of the sky observed at different wavelengths and resolutions are becoming essential to thoroughly exploit current and future data, beating the confusion (blending, overlapping) of sources.

T-PHOT is a publicly available software package developed by Emiliano Merlin within the ASTRODEEP project. T-PHOT is designed to measure photometry in low-resolution images, where the blending of sources can be a though problem for the accurate and unbiased measurement of fluxes and colours. To do so,  T-PHOT gathers data from a higher-resolution image of the same region of the sky, and uses this information (source positions and morphologies) to obtain priors for the analysis of the lower-resolution image.

T-PHOT can handle different types of datasets as input priors, namely i) a list of objects that will be used to obtain cutouts from the real high-resolution image; ii) a set of analytical models (as .fits stamps); iii) a list of unresolved, point-like sources, for PSF-fitting (useful for far-infrared wavelength domains or stellar fields).

T-PHOT is versatile enough to be used for multiwavelength optical to far-infrared image photometry. It has been successfully used in the CANDELS and Frontier Fields STScI campaigns, and it is implemented in the EUCLID ESA mission data analysis pipeline.

T-PHOT workflow diagram

The latest public release (v2.0.x) includes the following options:

• Background estimation, with two methods: global subtraction of a constant fitted value, and local fit of individual “background templates”
• Local/individual kernel fitting: it is possible to associate a different kernel to each source to optimize the fit coping with local variations
• Individual source registration (dance): after the fit, a refinement of the spatial registration of the objects is performed on individual basis rather than on arbitrary regions.
• Flux prioring: the measured flux of selected sources can be constrained to be within a given interval around a given input value
• Statistics on the residuals: the output includes a text file with diagnostic statistics for each source, based on the residual image produced after the fit
• RMS threshold to exclude sources from the fit: if a source includes a pixel with RMS exceeding a given value, it will be excluded from the fit.
 Production of model and residual images with selected sources: this option can be useful to isolate or subtract a selection of chosen objects.

The detailed description of the code, along with an extended set of tests, can be found in Merlin et al., 2015, A&A, 582, 15 and in Merlin et al., 2016, A&A, 595A, 97M. Please cite these papers if you use the code for your research!

Abell2744 cluster IR bands processed with T-PHOT using real priors for faint galaxies and models for cluster objects. Top to bottom: Hawk-I Ks, IRAC1 3.6, and IRAC2 5.0 bands. Left: original images; right: residuals after T-PHOT fitting. See Merlin et al. 2016, A&A 590A, 30M